Education Today Logo

Making artificial intelligence ethical by design

News Image

The ‘Humanising Machine Intelligence’ project at The Australian National University (ANU) brings together philosophers, social scientists and computer science experts to design AI that represents and promotes “Australian values”.

The project, which will receive over $1.5 million in ANU funding each year for at least the next three years, is led by philosopher Associate Professor Seth Lazar.

Assoc Prof Lazar noted AI now underpins all aspects of the economy, from smartphones and search to recruitment, credit scores, and high finance. At the same time, all branches of the Australian public service are looking at how AI can help deliver services more efficiently and fairly.

“As we increasingly come to rely on systems like these it is crucial to get our values right from the start—not wait for a process of trial and error, with potentially catastrophic results,” Lazar said.

"Machine intelligence has the power to realise incredible positive change. But it can also replicate the social injustice embedded in the data on which it is trained.

“AI is a decision technology. It has a 'picture' of the world, and a set of goals to achieve. We have to make sure it sees the world in a way that we endorse, and that its goals reflect our priorities.

"This means making fundamental progress not only in machine learning and other areas of AI, but also in philosophy and social science. To design our values into AI systems, we have to understand them ourselves, and then represent them in a way that a computer can act upon.

"Beyond designing AI systems themselves, this is also about shaping the governance structures that make moral machine intelligence not just possible, but probable."

Lazar said that, because AI cannot be morally neutral, we have to decide what values we want to build into it. As a democracy, this is something that all Australians need to consider.

"When we say that we want to shape machine intelligence around Australian values, we're not presupposing what those values are, or that there is one set of 'Australian' values.

"In fact, the opposite is true. Australia, like any society, is filled with moral disagreement. And we settle that disagreement through the democratic process—not just by voting, but through deliberation, public discussion, press scrutiny, and review.

"Machine intelligence is no different: the values we build in should be democratically legitimate.”

The Humanising Machine Intelligence project is funded under the ANU Grand Challenges scheme which brings ANU researchers from different disciplines together to solve the most pressing challenges facing the world today.
Learn more about the project at

28 Aug 2019 | National
How education-specific 3D printers can enhance student safety, reduce costs, improve learning News Image

Many schools have tried 3D printing in the form of do-it-yourself (DIY) 3D printer kits. However, when looking to expand use to a larger group of students, these types of printers can’t satisfy the need for safety, ease of use and accessibility. Read More

28 Aug 2019 | Brisbane
International conference set to shape the future of science learning News Image

Researchers and STEM leaders from science centres and museums everywhere will converge in Brisbane to collaborate and generate new ideas about science communication. Read More

28 Aug 2019 | national
Sphero and Littlebits join forces to make play-based learning giant News Image

Sphero and littleBits, the company that invented the electronic building block, have joined forces, becoming the largest player in the play based learning market. Read More

28 Aug 2019 | Alice
Outback fossil dig opens student eyes News Image

Country and city high school students have developed a passion for fossil hunting thanks to the annual James Moore Memorial Prize in Palaeontology, which enables them to dig up ancient bones as part of an outback field excursion. Read More

28 Aug 2019
New Podcast gets Australian teachers talking Maths News Image

Built on 7000 hours of Teacher PD Experience - 3000 Teachers, 58,000 students - a new Australian Mathematical Sciences Institute (AMSI) podcast is proving a professional development game changer for mathematics educators. Read More